112th Annual Conference - Riverside Convention Center, California
Friday, October 31 - Sunday, November 2, 2014

This page is about the 2014 conference. For 2015 conference info, go to PAMLA 2015.

Morphological Ergativity and Ergative Languages in Contact with Spanish

Eva Nunez, Portland State University

Abstract:
The aim of this presentation is to analyze the concept of morphological ergativity and its sociolinguistic applications, specifically of those ergative languages in contact with Spanish. This paper combines a general view of what this modern concept of morphological ergativity implies and its specific patterns in ergative languages such as Basque, Maya (Yucatan, Mexico), Chol (Chiapas, Mexico), Pano (Peru), and Tagalog (Philippines). 

Proposal: 

Abstract:

The aim of this presentation is to analyze the concept of morphological ergativity and its sociolinguistic applications, specifically of those ergative languages in contact with Spanish. This paper combines a general view of what this modern concept of morphological ergativity implies and its specific patterns in ergative languages such as Basque, Maya (Yucatan, Mexico), Chol (Chiapas, Mexico), Pano (Peru), and Tagalog (Philippines).

Ergativity as a grammatical feature is nonexistent in Romance languages (as their mother tongue, Latin, lacked it), and also in other Indo-European language groups. The notion of ergativity will be explained first in comparison to an accusative language such as Latin. Secondly, ergative parameters will be extrapolated in various examples from ergative languages such as Basque or Tagalog, and other indigenous languages from the Amazonia in contact with Spanish. Thirdly, the morphological value of ergativity will be presented in terms of their grammatical functioning related to the subject, agent, and direct object in both transitive and intransitive structures.

Key words: ergativity, ergative language, agent, subject, direct object, transitivity, and intransitivity.

Topic Area: